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Shultz, Dr. Martin
Shultz, Valentine
Sims, Capt. William
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Ancestor of the Month

August 2008  

 

Johan Velten (Valentine) Shultz

b. 1710/11 or 24 Jul 1715         d. before 16 Nov 1745

 

Johan Velten Shultz (called Valentine) lived a rather short span of years; nevertheless, his life was long enough to leave a riddle that Shultz researchers have pondered and fought over for a long time.  Two different Shultz families had sons who were named Johan Velten Shultz.  Both claim our ancestor as a member of their family.  They both say he came to America on the Pennsylvania Merchant.  They both say that married Eva Maria Stocker.  They both say their Johan Velten had children named Heinrich, Johan Peter, Johan Valentine, Johan Martin, Mary Eve, and Johan Christian.  They both say their son owned certain lands, attended certain churches, and so forth.  Which one is right?

 

Many researchers avoid this problem by simply saying, “We don’t know who his parents were.”  (I rather wish I had done that, but I didn’t.   In the following account I will try to give a running commentary on the debate.)

 

Parents

 

To be quite honest, we don’t really know anything for certain about who Johan Velten Shultz’s parents were.  In addition, we don’t know for sure when he was born.  Some sources say he was born 24 July 1715, but others say he was born in 1710 or 1711.  Many give an option of c1710/11-1715.  This discrepancy probably began because of the two different families.  After all, there were two different men named Valentine Shultz. 

 

Although researchers disagree on Valentine’s parents, the two “best” possibilities place him in a large family.  Theory #1 is that his parents were Heinrich Christoff Shultz  (b. 1680-d. after 1718) and Sophe Margaretta Unknown (b.?-d.?) who had a family of at least eleven children:  Hans Martin, Johannes Leonard Heinrich, Anna Margretta, Johan Heinrich, Catherina Magdalena, Johan Velten (Valentine), Johan Andreas, Simon Velten, Louisa Eleanor, Christoff Gerhard, and Catherina Barbara.  The Valentine in this family was reportedly born 24 Jul 1715.  The family lived in Darmstadt, Hessen, which—as you may have already guessed—is located in the Palatinate region of Germany.  Three of the sons in this family migrated to Pennsylvania.  Heinrich Christoff and Sophe Margaretta are currently considered the “correct” parents of our ancestor. 

 

Theory #2 is that our Valentine’s parents were Gabriel Shultz, the Burgomaster of Genheim, and his wife Anna Margaretta who lived in the Pfaltz, Alsace, Germany—part of the Palatinate.  They, too, had a large family consisting of at least 5 sons:  Heinrich, Jacob, Hans Martin, John, and Valentine.  This Valentine was reportedly born in 1710 or 1711.  This family also had at least two daughters named Elizabeth and Anna Catherina.  All five of these sons and the two named daughters moved to PA at about the same time as the three sons from the other Shultz family.  This theory was the one in favor until fairly recently.  (Sometime before 1980)

 

Leaving Germany

 

No matter who Valentine’s parents were, certain historical elements are the same.  By the time Valentine was 16 (or 20), Germany was not the place to be for members of certain religious groups such as Lutherans, Anabaptists, Mennonites, and so forth.  Religious persecution and turmoil were still devastating the land and the people.  In the midst of the “unpleasantness” William Penn had extended an invitation to the war-weary Palatines to come to America and settle in the Pennsylvania colony.   Because they were Lutherans, Valentine and/or his parents decided to move to PA from Germany.  Not long before the journey began, the people who think our Valentine was the son of Heinrich Christoff Shultz say he married a young woman named Elizabeth (surname unknown) and took her with him to the colonies.   He was 16 (or 20), and his wife Elizabeth was 20.  Whether this was a marriage of love or convenience, Valentine was wise to take a wife with him to PA.   He would need her help and companionship to endure the rigors of life in the new world.  (I contend…with absolutely no proof…that this Valentine and Elizabeth came to the colonies on an as yet undetermined vessel.) 

 

Those who think Valentine was the son of Gabriel Shultz say he and his sister Elizabeth (rather than his wife) traveled to Rotterdam in 1731 with other family members where they booked passage on the brigantine Pennsylvania Merchant and headed for Philadelphia via Dover, England.  Including spouses and extended family, there were about 15-20 people in the group.  Valentine and Elizabeth were listed as “o 16” (over 16).  With Valentine and Elizabeth was Jacob Shultz, listed as “u 16” (under 16).  For years it was assumed that all the Shultzes on board the Pennsylvania Merchant were related.  That is why Theory #2 was preferred at that time—it takes everyone into account.

 

The Pennsylvania Merchant

 

The Pennsylvania Merchant’s passenger list certainly suggests Gabriel as Valentine’s father.  As suggested earlier, one reason that researchers assumed that all the Shultz men on board were brothers or otherwise related was that the five sons of Gabriel Shultz migrated to the colonies within a few years time—some of them arriving on the same ship.  In addition, the three sons of Heinrich Christoff Shultz who moved to the colonies did so at approximately the same time as Gabriel’s sons.  This caused some researchers to say that part of the Shultz men on board the Pennsylvania Merchant could be sons of Heinrich and part of them could be sons of Gabriel. The names within the two families are so similar (i.e.: two Hans Martins, two Valentines, and two Heinrichs) that telling the men apart is difficult. Consequently, our Valentine is sometimes found listed as the son of both Gabriel and Heinrich.

 

After a time, researchers began to say that Valentine was not the brother of the other Shultzes on board.  I was unable to discover their reasons (other than using the Pennsylvania Merchant as a means of getting Heinrich’s Valentine from Germany to PA.  To get him on board, the other Valentine had to disappear from the ship.)   Today’s consensus (I am told) is that our Valentine is the son of Heinrich rather than Gabriel.  (I am willing to agree but with certain reservations.  I think that the Hans Martin, Valentine, Elizabeth, and Jacob on board the Pennsylvania Merchant were probably siblings and were children of Gabriel Shultz, and that the other Valentine, son of Heinrich and husband of Elizabeth, came on another ship—which I haven’t been able to find.  Lots of people more knowledgeable than I am disagree.  As long as we do not tie Heinrich’s Valentine to the Pennsylvania Merchant, I agree with their probable relationship as father and son.)   Church records in PA, however, show that Heinrich, Jacob, Hans Martin, John, and Valentine were all sons of Gabriel Shultz.  Heinrich came to PA first.  Hans Martin, Jacob and Valentine came together on the Pennsylvania Merchant, and John came a few years later.

 

The fact that Valentine named his first son Heinrich and Hans Martin named his first son Henry would be good evidence for the Theory #1 supporters.  On the other hand, why would there be a young Jacob Shultz listed with Valentine and Elizabeth on the passenger list when Heinrich did not have a son named Jacob?

 

The idea that Gabriel Shultz’s sons Hans Martin and Jacob just happened to be on board the same ship as Heinrich’s Valentine seems too contrived.  Too many things become “awkward” if this scenario is to be believed.  This argument says that the Elizabeth on board the Pennsylvania Merchant was Valentine’s wife.   Unfortunately for this argument, Jacob Shultz, “u 16,” was also listed with Valentine Shultz “o 16” and Elizabeth Shultz “o 16.” Why would these people be together if they were from different families?   Remember, Heinrich did not have a son named Jacob.  (In looking at the ship’s list, one gets the feeling that two different people were in charge of recording data.  The first part of the list records names and specific ages; the second part of the list, however, uses the “u16” or “o16” designations almost exclusively.  Specific ages would have certainly answered a lot of questions.  While we’re wishing, wouldn’t it be tidier if the two conflicting d.o.b’s were switched?  Switched dates would make the married Valentine 20—with a 20-year-old wife—and the unmarried Valentine 16.)

 

(Important:  No matter which parental side you choose, the information on Johan Velten (Valentine) Shultz is basically identical.  What we know about Valentine after he arrived in America is basically the same no matter whom you believe his parents to be.  Could it be that Gabriel’s son Valentine died shortly after arriving in PA?  Could it be that researchers accidentally picked up Heinrich’s Valentine’s biographical info and erroneously linked it to Gabriel’s Valentine?  Is that how we end up having both Valentines marrying the same woman, dying at the same time, and leaving the same orphans?)

 

New Life in America

 

According to the Heinrich Christoff Shultz faction, after arriving in Philadelphia on 10 Sep 1731, Valentine signed an oath of allegiance on 11 Sep 1731 to the PA province and in essence to King George II of England, and he and Elizabeth became naturalized citizens.  (This signing poses a problem.  In addition to finding a ship for Heinrich’s Valentine and Elizabeth, we now also need to find a signing date for them.  Because he was 20, Gabriel’s Valentine would have needed to sign; a married 16-year-old would have needed to sign, too.  Whichever of the two men was on board the Pennsylvania Merchant, we can’t distinguish who signed.  Again, if the d.o.b.’s were switched—problem solved.)  Almost immediately Elizabeth and Valentine left Philadelphia and headed for what was then considered the frontier—the land between the wilderness and civilization.  Their trip took them to the western bank of the Susquehanna River in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.  There on Little Conewago Creek they began to construct their “plantation” as farms were called in the colonies.  Their plantation was located in what was to become Manchester Township, York Co., PA.   

 

By 1734 Elizabeth was pregnant, and on 20 June 1735 she gave birth to a son, Heinrich, called Henry.  Unfortunately, Elizabeth died in childbirth, leaving the 20- or 24-year-old Valentine alone on the frontier with an infant.  Elizabeth was buried in Manchester Township, Lancaster Co., PA.  She was only 24 years old.  (Note:  Since some researchers say that Elizabeth was Valentine’s unmarried sister, not his wife, and that she married and went her own way after arrival in America, then, if this is the case, the Valentine on board the Pennsylvania Merchant was unmarried when he came to America—more evidence that he was Gabriel’s son and that our Valentine and his Elizabeth were probably not on the Pennsylvania Merchant at all but on another vessel.  Our Valentine, after all, supposedly wed in Germany.) 

 

New Wife in America 

 

Again, according to the Heinrich Shultz people, on 16 October of 1735, four months after his first wife died, Valentine remarried.  According to the Gabriel faction, the Oct 1735 marriage was Valentine’s first.  If Theory 1 is correct, the quick remarriage was normal.  As a matter of survival, widows and widowers were quick to remarry in colonial times, and with a newborn son, Valentine had more reason than most. 

 

From this point on, there is basically no difference in Theories 1 and 2.  From this point on, both families are talking about the same person.  (Somewhere along the way one of the Valentines was lost.  Maybe Heinrich’s Valentine can’t be found on another ship because he stayed in Germany with his wife Elizabeth and never came to the colonies.)  Both theories say Valentine’s “new” bride was Eva Maria Stocker (b. c1716 in Switzerland-d after 5 June  1777 in Manchester, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania).  They were married in Conestoga Township, Lancaster Co., PA.  Maria was the daughter of Peter (b.1680-d.?) and Anna Stocker  (b1682-d.?)  On 11 Oct 1733 when she was 17, Maria, her parents, and her 13-year-old sister Barbara had arrived in PA on board the Charming Betty just two years after Valentine and Elizabeth had arrived.   Like the Shultzes, the Stockers quickly moved from the city to the frontier in PA.  Valentine and Eva Maria were married 16 Oct 1735 before the Elders of the Kreutz Creek Church and then had the marriage validated by a clergyman from the Trappe Congregation.

 

Importance of Church and Religion

 

As to be expected--since they had suffered religious persecution--Valentine and his wife (or wives) were strong supporters of and participants in their church. In fact, Valentine was one of the founders of the German Evangelical Church of York Co., PA.  In addition, he is listed as one of the church members who contributed money to purchase a blank record book for the church.  Velten and his wife also sponsored a number of children at their baptisms. On 22 May 1738 Velten stood as one of the godparents for Anna Margaretha Loffel, daughter of Johan Christian Loffel.  On 18 September 1740 both he and Eva Maria became godparents for Maria Eva Hanspacher, daughter of Johan Jorg Hanspacher.  On 24 November 1742 Valentine’s wife Eva Maria was one of the godparents for Maria Barbara Mang, daughter of Gottried Mang.

 

Valentine’s Family

 

According to both Shultz families, Valentine was a farmer.  The Gabriel Shultz family says Hans Martin was an architect, builder, and fine cabinetmaker. Jacob became a blacksmith.  All of these occupations would be useful in the colonies.

 

Valentine was skilled in farming methods he had learned in Germany, and he put them to use on his “plantation” in PA.  Soon he and Maria had five more children to help with the farm work, bringing their family total, with Henry, to six.

 

1.      Heinrich (Henry) (b. 20 Jun 1735-d.?) m. Anna Maria Unknown in 1759 in York Co, PA.  They had three children:  Henry, Maria Elizabeth, and Samuel

2.      Johan Peter (b. 1736-d.?) m. Elizabeth Hoke c1750 daughter of Johann Frederick and Anna Catherine Foobach of Hanover Land, Hozhausen, Germany.  They had 10 children:  George Philip, John Valentine, Anna Eva, Julianna, Elizabeth, Catharina, Anna Maria, Christiana, John Peter, and Sabina.  A Johan Peter Shultz served as a Lieutenant during the Revolutionary War.  In 1776 he was under Captain Yost Harbach on the muster roll of the 3rd Battalion, commanded by Colonel Robert McPherson.  On 4 May 1778 he fought in the 7th company under Captain Yost Harbaugh and commanded by Colonel Rankin.  (Note:  There is another Johan Peter Shultz, b. 1736 [of course] in Manchester Co. PA who married Maria Catherina UNKNOWN in 1762 in PA. To be quite honest, I’m not sure which one is ours; maybe they are all the same person)

3.      Johan Velten (Valentine), Jr. (b. 8 Apr 1738-d.?) m. Maria Barbara Mayer about 1768 in Pennsylvania.  They had two children:  John Henry, and Valentine, Jr.  

4.      Johan Martin (Dr.)  (b. c1740-d. 1787 in Sullivan Co., NC (now TN)  (Our ancestor) m. Julianna Stentz (b. c1741 in Hellam Township-d.?) daughter of Heinrich (Henry) Stentz and Maria Dorothea Bossart 28 Jul 1761 in Christ Lutheran Church, York Co, PA. Julianna died in Sevier Co, TN and was buried in Emerts Cove Cemetery, Sevier Co, TN (unmarked grave). Martin died and was buried in Sullivan Co; his gravesite is unknown.  Martin was a cordwainer (shoemaker) and later became a self-taught physician.  He was an “Over Mountain Man” during the Revolution and fought at the battle of King’s Mountain.  Martin and Julianna had six children: Valentine, David, John, Jacob, Martin, and Julia Ann.  (To learn more about Martin, scroll down the navigation bar on the left to “Dr. Martin Shultz” and click.)

5.      Mary Eve (Eva Maria)(b. 24 Mar 1743 in Manchester Township, Lancaster Co., PA) m. 25 Dec 1760 in York Co., PA to Adam Schmidt  (b. c1740-d.?)

6.      Johan Christian  (b 3 Apr 1744 in Manchester Township, Lancaster Co., PA.) m.  Unknown.  (Christian and his family moved first to Washington Co., VA and then in 1778 moved to Washington Co., NC which later became Washington Co., TN  [With all the name changes and reconfigurations of counties, I rather suspect that the Shultzes didn’t move at all once they reached Washington Co. J.]) 

          

Velten Shultz died as a young man.  It is likely that his death occurred as an accident or as the result of a fast acting disease or ailment, for not only was he just 30 or 34 years old at the time of his death, he left no will.  Velten died sometime before 16 Nov 1745, for on that date, legal records in Manchester Township show that he died intestate and that some time before that, the Orphans’ Court had appointed the people who were to carry out the legal activities concerning his death.   Maria was appointed administratrix for her husband, and Charles Johns and George Bryden Gross were appointed to appraise Velten’s estate.  The two men turned in their appraisals and inventories of the estate on 16 Nov 1745.  On 2 September 1746, Maria filed claims with the Register's office in Lancaster County, and an administration account was drawn up on that day.  The account showed that Maria had ₤90.5.11 from her husband's estate. This money was to be distributed among his legal heirs at the discretion of the Orphans Court of Lancaster County.

 

Things dragged out, as legal things often do.   In 1749, York County was created out of part of Lancaster County, so the Orphans’ Court of York County took over the administration of Velten’s estate.  On 27 Mar 1750 the York County Orphan’s court appointed George Swope and Henry Shultz as 'Guardians for Peter, Valentine, Martin, Eva, and Christian, minor orphans of the late Valentine Shultz.'  Although there is no record showing how the ₤90.5.11 was handled, the children probably received their shares as they became of age.

As previously noted, widows and widowers during the colonial days usually remarried quickly.  Eva Maria married Johan Jorg Ernest Mayer 29 May 1746 in Manchester, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.  Since the settlement of Velten’s estate was underway in mid-November of 1745, meaning that he had died sometime prior to that, then Eva’s second marriage came about six or seven months after her first husband had died.  Eva and her new husband continued to live in Manchester Township until their deaths.    Eva Maria died sometime before 5 Jun 1777.  She was around 61 years old. 

 

Valentine’s pioneering spirit was reflected in his grandson, Valentine, Jr., son of Martin, who was one of the leaders of a 7-family, 150-person wagon train that took settlers to the unsettled Arkansas Territory to establish new homes in 1833.  Warned of hostile Indians in Texas, where they were originally headed, the wagon train travelers decided to stop in Arkansas where the land reminded them of TN.

 

Johan Velten (Valentine) Shultz died as a young man.  Nevertheless, he achieved a great deal.  His bravery led him to leave his war-torn country.  He traveled to a new land and began building a home and family.  Johan Velten suffered the loss of his wife, remarried, and fathered a large family.  He supported his church and was about to begin enjoying the fruits of his labors when his life was cut short.  His children were to enjoy the life he had envisioned. Though we do not know his origins for certain, we know that he, himself, was a man of strength and vision whose descendants should be satisfied with the man he was.  Perhaps one of those descendants will unravel the mystery of his early years and answer some of the perplexing questions surrounding his life.

(We would welcome any information that would help in straightening out the “which Valentine” question.  Leave a message in the Guest Book, and we’ll get in touch with you.  Thanks!  [Things would certainly be simpler if he turns out to be Gabriel’s son with only one wife.])

Sources

“1731 Pennsylvania Merchant.  The Palatine Project.  http://www.progenealogists.com/palproject/pa/1731pmer.htm

 

“1733 Charming Betty.  The Palatine Project.  http://www.progenealogists.com/palproject/pa/1733cbetty.htm

 

“Brinck Family from Nordby, FanÝ, Denmark, The.” http://home11.inet.tele.dk/jbrinck/fam/fam00686.htm

 

“Descendants of Gabriel and Anna Margaretta Shultz of the Pfaltz, Alsace, Germany and Johann Valentine Shultz, Pastor at Schainbach, Oberanat Gerabronn, in the Margravate of Annspach, Germany and Anna Julianna His Wife, The.”  http://homepage.mac.com/pmcreedon/websiterev/html/Murray/Schultz.htm

 

“Descendants of Heinrich Christoff Shultz.”   http://freepages.genealogoy.rootsweb.com/~smokymtnman/shultz/pafg01.htm#4215.

 

“Family Group Sheet.”  http://www.mydeskbbs.comm/genealogy/f1389.htm

 

“Family Stories:  The Winton/Shultz Wagon Train.”  http://www.geocities.com/heartland/ranch/5807/oldstories.html

 

“Hanover, House of.”  Colliers Encyclopedia, 1998. Sierra On-Line, Inc.

 

“Heinrich Christoff SHULTZ.”   http://www.sutkin.net/Genealogy.html

 

“Lancaster County Surname Queries.”  http://www.pa-roots.com/~lancaster/query/qa0197.html

 

“McCarter Family Charts and Group Sheets”

 

“My Relatives.”    http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=crinker&id=I650

 

“Pedigree Chart.”  http://www.mydeskbbs.com/genealogy/p9.htm

 

Reagan, Donald B.  The Book of Ragan/Reagan.  1993, p 401

 

“Shultz, Valentine.”  Smokykin.com.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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